Diabetic Exchange Diet

Ensure consistent carbohydrate intake to control your blood sugar level.


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Diabetic exchange diet helps person with diabetes to select food in appropriate quantities.  It helps to ensure consistent intake of carbohydrate, protein and fat from day to day.  This is vital for person with diabetes to control their blood sugar level.

Diabetic exchange diet, divided food into six groups mainly :

  • starch or bread

  • meat and meat substitute

  • vegetables

  • fruit

  • milk

  • fat.

               Once foods have been categorized into a food list they are given a serving size.  Each serving has a similar amount of carbohydrate, protein and fat thus the calories will also be the same.  Foods can be "exchanged" with others in the same group while still meeting the desired overall nutrition requirements. 

The following tables list the amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories in one serving from each food list in diabetic exchange diet.

Food Groups Nutritional Content Information

List                   

Carbohydrate per serving (gram)

Protein
per serving (gram)

Fat
per serving (gram)

Calories
per serving (gram)

Strach/Bread

15

3

0-1

80

Fruit

15

0

0

60

Milk - Skim or  1%

12

8

0-3

90

Milk - Reduce Fat or 2%

12

8

5

120

Milk - Whole

12

8

8

150

Non-Starchy Vegetables

5

2

0

25

Very lean meat

0

7

0-1

35

Lean meat

0

7

3

55

Medium Fat Meat

0

7

5

75

High Fat Meat

0

7

8

100

Monosaturated Fat

0

0

5

45

Polysaturated Fat

0

0

5

45

Saturated Fat

0

0

5

45

Diabetic Exchange Diet Food Group Nutritional Content Information Source :Exchange List for Meal Planning.  American Diabetes Association and American Diabetic Association, Chicago Illinois, 2010

Diabetic exchange diet can be applied to almost any eating situation and make it easier to follow a prescribed diet. For example, if a nutrition plan calls for one starch exchange a person could choose cup of cooked pasta, OR one slice of bread, OR a small (3 oz.) baked potato.

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