Diabetic Diet

help managing you blood glucose level without giving up your favorite foods and sweet with diabetic diet


Diabetic Dietdiabetic diet

 Popular misconceptions about diabetic diet is that it is a "sugar free diet".  What IS a diabetic diet? Because so many questions and misunderstandings exist, it is important for a person with diabetes to be able to understand the fundamentals of nutrition, which is the key element of successful diabetes management.

Diabetic diet is a diet that a person with diabetes follows to help manage his or her blood sugar levels.  This is done based on the same nutrition principles that any healthy person, with or without diabetes, can follow for good health. When a person with diabetes sees a Registered Dietitian for nutrition counseling, the goal is to create a nutrition plan. This will help the person manage his or her blood sugar levels, reduce the risk of heart disease and other diet-related conditions, maintain a healthy weight, as well as meet the personís nutritional, lifestyle, social, and cultural needs.

The goal of a diabetic diet is to provide a mixture of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins at each meal at an appropriate calorie level to both provide essential nutrients as well as create an even release of glucose into the blood from meal to meal and from day to day. A Registered Dietitian assesses the nutritional needs of a person with diabetes and calculates the amounts of fat, protein, carbohydrate, and total calories needed per day, and then converts this information into recommendations for amounts and types of foods to include in the daily diabetic diet. The total number of meals and snacks and their timing throughout the day can differ for each person, based on his or her nutritional needs, lifestyle, and the action and timing of medications.

In diabetic diet, nutrition plan for a person usually includes 10 to 20 percent of calories from protein, no more than 30 percent of calories from fats (with no more than 10 percent from saturated fats), and the remaining 50 to 60 percent from carbohydrates. Carbohydrate foods that contain dietary fiber are encouraged, as a high fiber diet has been associated with decreased risks of colon and other cancers. For people with high blood cholesterol levels, lower total fat and saturated fat contents may be recommended. Sodium intake in diabetic diet should not be more than 3000 mg per day; for people with high blood pressure, sodium should be limited to 2400 mg per day or as advised by a physician.

Managing blood glucose levels does not have to mean giving up favorite foods, sweets, or restaurants and fast foods. Each person with diabetes has very different nutritional and personal needs, making ongoing assessment and counseling with a Registered Dietitian will help making diabetic diet an essential element of successful diabetes management.

 


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